(This page was last updated February 28, 2009 )
Minutes of the Board of Military Exemption for Charlotte County, Virginia 1862 1863
Transcribed from the original by Kathy Liston, 14 January 2009
(Note: The original minute book is in the office of the Charlotte County Clerk of the Court. The second half of the book contains the minutes of a special court called for apportioning among the slaveholders of the County the requisition of the Governor of VA for slaves to work on fortifications and other public works - mostly long lists of owners' names with the number of slaves they provided, 1862 - 1865. At this time I have not transcribed those minutes; however, those, as well as those of the Exemption Board herein transcribed, can be found on microfilm Reel No. 289 at the Library of Virginia.
** I have done my best to transcribe the minutes exactly as written, including misspellings and punctuation. Even where misspelled, medical terms are close enough to allow them to be found in a medical dictionary. Notes I have added are in [brackets].
At a Meeting of the board of Military Exemption continued & held for the County of Charlotte at the Court House of the said County Wednesday the 12th day of March 1862
Present - James F. Marshall, P[residing] J[ustice], Charles A. Raine, & Willshire Cardwell, Other Justices
The following persons applied for exemption from Military duty for the reasons set and were exempted by a unanimous vote of the board for the opposite their names respectively.
Davis H. Morton Disease of the heart Exempt unan.
Wm. W. Read Ulceration of right ear; total deafness in the same & destruction of some of the smaller bones he Tympanum entirely destroyed. Very large Wenn on the right arm just above the wrist & several on other parts of his body - one large one in the right groin & Piles from his ___ [blotted] Exempted unanimous
Jno. R. Cardwell Deafness & disease of the lungs. Exempted unanimously
John G. Smith Aggravated Case of Piles unable to exercise much at any time on horseback or on foot without great pain. Exempted unanimous
A. J. Johnson (unan) Labouring under effects of a severe attack of Typhoid fever limbs stiff & great debility
John F. Powers Lumbago, Sciatica, inflammation of the bladder & chronic diarrhea
Joel W. Daniel Pterrygium [sic] Producing double sight
Charles M. Pugh Nevus Maternus
George N. Tunstall Chronic dysentery.
J.B.M. Osborne Inflamation [sic] prostate & bladder. Hernia and diseased eyes.
Isham Harvey Diseased lungs
Charles R. Clements Chronic Rheumatism, contraction of the tendons of feet & legs
Larkin Driskill Asthma
John A. Morton Curvature of spine & irritable bladder; discharged from army.
John R. Garrett Scrofula & spinal irritation.
George T. Roberts Disease of the Kidneys discharged from the Army on that account.
James F. Calhoun Diseased lungs (discharged volunteer)
B. M. Gipson Gunshot wound in the left arm.
Robert B. Spencer disabled in the right hand.
Cornelius S. Garland Epileptic fits.
Wm. A. Lewis Double Hernia. Tumor in the bowels & diseased lungs
Wm. H. Adams diseased lungs
John W. Lewis Hernia & disabled in the right Shoulder.
Richard J. Holt Disease of the lungs & heart.
Wm. H. Johns Disease of the lungs & heart.
Joseph H. Glenn Chronic disease of the liver, stomach & bowels producing sometimes aberration of mind.
M. C. Read Diseased prostate & ulceration bowels.
James H. Elliott Diseased lungs.
Thursday 15 March 1862
Present James P. Marshall, Charles A. Raine and Willshire Cardwell
The following persons applied for exemption from Military duty and were exempted by unanimous vote of the board for the various [reasons] set forth opposite their names respectively to wit:
Charles W. Harvey Disease of the kidneys & internal hemorrhoids
J. B. Lynch Organic disease of the heart
Wm. C. Harvey Very Nearsighted (discharged volunteer)
John W. Daniel Paralysis of the optic Nerve almost blind
Thos. P. Jackson One Short leg effects of whiteswelling
John D. Spencer Portion of Skull bone removed by gunshot wound received in battle of Manassas (discharged volunteer)
Thomas J. Moore Hernia
John D. Hankins Rheumatism & inflamation [sic] prostate & bladder
Wm. M. McNutt Effusion of water in the right leg. Varicose veins & ulceration left leg.
Miles H. Carey Almost blind in the right eye produced by scrofula.
Thomas G. Broocks Fracture & dislocation of the right ankle.
Charles A. Hundley Blind in the right eye.
R. P. Nickell Diseased lungs (discharged volunteer)
Thos. S. Henry Disease of the lungs (discharged volunteer)
Wm. J. Mullins Serious injury of the right shoulder from White Swelling
Matthew F. St. John Disease of the lungs.
Wm. S. Moseley disabled in right foot by a burn.
Wm. P. Moseley double hernia
Friday 14 March 1862
Present Same members of the board as yesterday.
The following persons applied for exemption from Military duty and were exempted by a unanimous vote of the Board for various [reasons] set forth opposite their names respectively
Wm. O. Bouldin Erysipelas of legs & constitutional debility (discharged volunteer)
Robert H. Robinson Rheumatism. Scarcely able to walk.
John W. Hunter Ulceration of the lachrymal duct to the eye producing imperfect vision.
Francis Y. Noell St. Vitus' dance
Nathaniel C. Wilson disabled by effects of a long spell of Typhoid fever
Henry E. Vaughan Predisposition to consumption, general health very bad & varicose veins in one leg.
John J. Boswell Disease of the heart & Hernia
Wm. R. Hamersley Depression of the Skull & paralysis produced by a blow on the head from a falling tree.
John Jas. Morton Not able to see much out of his right eye.
Dr. Jas. W. Carter Consumption & disease of the heart.
Wm. M. Wilson Scrofula, Ulceration of the throat & asthma
Joseph L. Scott Enlargement of the heart
Richard J. Penticost General health. Some disease of the heart & tenderness of the spine. Nervous system very much deranged.
Wm. W. Guthrie Incipient consumption
Reps A. Barnes Fistula in ano. Very bad case.
John T. Hailey Hernia
John A. Hamlett Disease of the heart, general health bad.
Francis B. Thornton Disease of the lungs & in feeble condition.
Abram A. St. John Dropsy of the bowels (dischg volunteer)
Robert W. Ramsey Diseased bladder & prostate
Louis P. Bailey Fracture of the thigh (dischg volunteer)
Saml F. Barnes Injury to the left Shoulder by a fall from a horse.
Drury L. Dickerson Rheumatism
Wm. T. Thornton General debility & digestive organs very much disordered.
David S. Pugh A very feeble, small man, with disease of the heart (discharged volunteer)
Wm. D. Garner Partial paralysis & stricture of swallow
Richd. D. Garner Idiotic
Powhatan Bouldin Near Sighted (discharged volunteer)
Thos. C. Spain disabled in left arm Stiff from dislocation
Robert S. Roberts Double Hernia
Phil. S. Roberts Double Hernia
Saturday 15 March 1862
Present Same Members of the board as yesterday.
The following persons applied for exemption from Military duty & were exempted by unanimous vote of the board for reasons set forth opposite their names respectively to wit:
Zach T. Morris Rheumatism & diseased liver
A. W. Wingo Hernia
H. C. Moseley Mental aberration
O. F. Cassada Whiteswelling
B. C. Dunn Deformity of the right foot & right leg short
A. G. Hailey Bronchitis
Thos. O. Hailey Varicose Vein in left leg
E. D. Guthrie Diseased lungs.
P. C. Jones Hernia
James O. Mason Idiotic.
Phineas E. Almond Enlarged Testacle [sic], tenderness of spine & disease of Kidneys
Wm. W. Crawley An affection of his head. Nervous system disordered & very much diseased for five years past.
Simeon W. Harvey Varicose ulcers.
Joseph Dinwiddie Brights Disease of Kidneys, discharged volunteer
Joseph J. Allen Disease of the heart.
Edward A. Roberts Disease of the heart & varicose veins, dischd volunteer
John W. Thompson Double Hernia
Edward S. Boewer[?] Consumption
Wm. S. Talley Fractured & dislocated wrist
C. E. Redd Fractured ankle & Stiff joint
Wm. T. Collins Disease of Kidneys
John H. Moore Disease of heart & lungs.
Wm. T. Garrett Scrofula & diseased eyes
Joseph T. Harris Gunshot wound in right hand, dischg volunteer
Robert Crile[?] Abscess in the Neck & deaf.
S. W. Duffer White Swelling discharged volunteer
Walter T. Smith Hernia
John E. Hamersley Very bad case of asthma.
Henry S. Daniel Disabled in right hand.
John Osborne Disease of the heart.
Lafayette H. Mason Hernia
H. H. Roberts Enlargement of heart & disabled in right ankle
Ro. M. Garland Piles
Robert Harvey General debility
Jacob W. Dickerson Bones of his head never closed producing some disease of the brain
Saml. T. Morrison Very frail & delicate, left breast larger than the right, produced probably by enlargement of the heart.
John R. Ford Disease of the heart & chronic sore throat.
Joseph B. Friend Enlargement of the heart.
Wm. D. Harkins Blind in the right eye
Richard V. Marshall Large Tumor at the end of the spine, dischg volunteers
Henry J. Farley Varicose veins in left leg
Paul C. McPhail Epileptic fits.
Pleasant L. Thornton Very frail, delicate man in his best health not able to walk a mile. Now confined to his bed.
James H. McCargo Disease Hip joint, right leg 4 inches shorter than left.
John W. Moon Hernia
James D. Collins Hernia
R. C. Price Predisposition to consumption. Very delicate young man.
Ro. W. Booth Stricture Uretha [sic] & general health very much impaired
C. H. Maloney Neuralgia in the Shoulders
Ro. W. Chaffen Hernia discharged volunteer
Geo. A. Lipscomb Disease of the Heart
David H. White Disabled in the left hand.
The following persons Overseers on the farms of widows were exempted from Military duty, the board deeming it indispensable for the police and convenience of the community, viz
Edward V. Layne overseer for Mrs. Mary B. Booth
Andrew J. Alkins[?] overseer for Mrs. R. T. Malone
James B. Broocks overseer for Mrs. Elizabeth Broocks
Lafayette H. Fallin overseer for Mrs. S. P. Hutcheson
Ro. E. F. Meems overseer for Mrs. D. H. Skidmore
David C. Hutcheson overseer for Mrs. Frances C. Bacon
Samuel V. Elam overseer for Mrs. Martha Elam
L. P. Boswell overseer for Mrs. Frances Booth
Charles H. Eudailey overseer for Mrs. Sarah Eudailey
Jno. C. Collins overseer for Mrs. Elizabeth Collins
Stephen S. Moon overseer for Mrs. Robina Garden
Wm. M. Legrand overseer for Mrs. Rebecca Legrand
Hillery W. Collins overseer for Mrs. Tabitha Collins
John H. Toombs overseer for Mrs. Fanny Toombs
Hezekiah F. Harvey overseer for Mrs. Charlotte E. Hannah
John W[esley] Elam overseer for Mrs. Martha J[ane] Elam
Benjamin T. Redmon overseer for Mrs. Clarissa Redmon
F. J. Barnes who is engaged in Manufacturing Saltpetre for the Government was also exempted.
F. S. Waddle Engaged in Manufacturing Wagons for the Government.
The following persons produced certificates setting forth that they had placed substitutes in Service, viz
John B. Hamilton
James E. Moseley
Joseph N. Edmunds
R. W. Priddy Exempted as deputy Sheriff
Winslow Robinson Clerk of the County & Circuit Courts of this County being wholly incapacitated for performing the duties of his office by reason of Paralysis, Wm. A. Smith. deputy Clerk for the said Winslow Robinson Clerk is exempted from Military duty, to perform the duties of the said office.
The following persons Tanners & Millers were also exempted from Military duty being deemed by the board indispensable to the comfort of the community in which they live to wit
Theophilus T. Robey Miller
Uriah Lipscomb Tanner
John Q. A. Wayne Miller
Morris [Moses?] H. Hamersley Tanner
Wm. Grady Miller
The following persons were elected physicians for the County.
Doct. Joseph O. Snell
Doct. L. B. Spencer
Doct. Wm. T. F. McCargo
Doct. Thos. C. Goode
Horace P. Lacey
George C. Hannah filed his application for exemption from Military duty and was exempted on account of disability caused by an injury to the right hand.
Monday 7 April 1862
Lebam[?] Ulman filed his application for exemption from Military duty, and was exempted on account of disability caused by Consumption.
James H. Cole is exempted from Military duty on account of his being an overseer for Mrs. Martha C. Cole the board deeming it indispensable for the comfort of the community.
Wednesday April 23rd 1862
John Newcomb filed his application for exemption from Military duty and was exempted on account of disability caused by diseased liver.
Thomas C. Palmer filed his application for exemption from Military duty and was rejected.
Applicants for Exemption from Military duty
Friday 15 January 1863
Names Applicants Names Witnesses
Isaac L. Weil Certificate of Substitute
Wm. A. Woods L. B. Spencer & John P. Brown
Joseph H. Glenn Ro. B. Spencer & P. H. Flournoy [Patrick H. Flournoy was a doctor.]
Wm. W. Read Patillo Spencer & Flournoy
Geo. C. Daniel Spencer & Flournoy
Melancthon C. Read Flournoy & Patillo
Asa C. Pugh Watkins & Flournoy
William H. Adams Patillo & Flournoy
Isham Harvey Spencer & Flournoy
William Harvey Watkins & Flournoy
Wm. A. Lewis Spencer & Patillo
John A. Morton
Reps A. Barnes
At a Meeting of the Board of Exemption for Charlotte County Friday the 16 day of January 1863, Present - James P. Marshall, P.J., and Thomas Mack and John W. Eggleston other justices.
The following persons are exempted from Military duty for the reasons set forth opposite their names respectively to wit;
Jos. H. Glenn Chronic affection liver & bowels producing aberration of Mind
Philip C. Jones Hernia on one side (Very bad case)
Joseph B. Friend Disease of the heart.
Charles H. Adams General debility
Wm. D. Garner Paralysis
Drury L. Dickerson Rheumatism
Samuel F. Barnes Lameness of Shoulder
Joseph L. Scott Disease of the Heart.
Richard P. Daniel Idiot
Wm. H. Hailey Double Hernia
Wm. J. Watson Stricture
Wm. J. Johnson Disease of Kidneys
Joel W. Daniel Unguis
Henry J. Farley Varicose Veins
Josiah Vaughan Consumption
Wednesday 28 January 1863.
Isham Harvey Consumption
Wm. W. Read Disease of right ear producing total deafness in same & aggravated Hemorrhoids
George C. Daniel Rheumatism Susceptible to improvement.
M. C. Read Fistula in Ano, diseased prostate.
Asa C. Pugh General derangement of system produced by intemperance
Wm. H. Adams Diseased Lungs & Chronic dyarrhoea [sic]
Wm. A Lewis Double Hernia Tumors in bowels & diseased lungs
Reps A. Barnes Fistula in Ano
John A. Morton Diseased bladder & Spine
Hillery C. Moseley Aberration of Mind
Monday February 2nd 1863
Present James P. Marshall, P.J. and Zac Bugg & Charles A. Raine
Thomas L. Hundley Varicose Veins
John F. Morrisette Diseased Lungs & Kidneys
Harrison Shoemaker Hepetization [sic] Left Lung
John T. Hailey Double Scrotal Hernia
Friday February 13 1863
Present - James P. Marshall, P.J. and Thomas Mack & Jno. W. Eggleston
W. M. Cardwell Disease Kidneys ____ Hemorrhoids
Tuesday February 24 1863
Present same Justices
Jacob W. Dickerson Deformity of the head. Mole [soft-spot] of the head never closed.
At a Meeting of the Board of Exemption for Charlotte County held at the Courthouse of said County Saturday the 4th day of July 1863.
Present James P. Marshall, Presiding Justice, and Charles A. Raine and Zac Bugg other Justices
The following persons applied for exemption and were exempted by unanimous vote of the board for the reasons set forth opposite their names respectively to wit:
Wm. W. Read Ulceration right ear, producing total deafness & aggravated hemorrhoids
Saml. F. Barnes Injury to left Shoulder.
H. C. Moseley Aberration of Mind
Dennis L. Morgan Bronchial disease
Reps A. Barnes Fistula in Ano
Joseph H. Glenn Chronic disease liver, stomach & bowels
Joseph L. Scott Disease of heart
Wm. J. Watson Stricture
Joseph B. Friend Disease heart
John A. Morton Disease Bladder
Wm. A. Woods Injury to left Ankle
H. T? Farley Varicose Veins
Josiah Vaughan Weak lungs & piles
Chs. H. Adams Disease bladder, chest & bowels. Very feeble man.
Drury L. Dickerson Rheumatism very feeble man.
Wm. M. McNutt Varicose Veins. Effusion water in right leg & Ulceration of Left leg.
Ro. B. Spencer Lameness of right hand.
Wm. J. Johnson Consumption
John T. Hailey Double Hernia
Harrison Shoemaker Disease Lungs
Joel W. Daniel Pterrygium [sic]
D. C. Hutcheson Disease bladder & Kidneys
Isham Harvey Consumption
Wednesday July 8 1863
Present J. P. Marshall, P.J., Tho. Mack & Jno. W. Eggleston
The following persons applied for Exemption and were exempted by unanimous vote of the board for the reasons set forth opposite their names respectively to wit:
John F. Morrisette Disease bladder
M. C. Read Disease Bladder
Wm. A. Lewis Double Hernia & abscess Lungs
Wm. H. Adams Disease Lungs
Wm. H. Hailey Double Hernia
[End of document]
Glossary of Medical Terms found in the Minutes of the Military Exemption Board for Charlotte County, Virginia
Created from sources listed below by Kathy Liston
Bright's Disease a chronic disease of the kidneys.
Dropsy a morbid accumulation of diluted lymph (water) in body tissues and cavities.
Erysipelas an acute disease of the skin and subcutaneous tissue caused by a streptococcus virus; St. Anthony's Fire.
Fistula in ano an abnormal duct or passage from the anus to another cavity.
Hepatization late stage pneumonia.
Lumbago general, non-specific term for a dull ache across the loins and lower back.
Mental aberration mental unsoundness but not insanity
Mole of the head the fontanel, soft spot.
Nevus maternus a congenital vascular lesion; birthmark.
Pterygium a growth on the cornea.
St. Vitus ' Dance nervous disease with involuntary, jerking motions; Chorea.
Sciatica severe pain in the back of the leg along the sciatic nerve.
Scrofula a swelling of the lymphatic glands in the neck; historically, tuberculosis of the lymphatic glands and bones; King's Evil.
Stricture Urethra a narrowing or constriction of the tube carrying urine from the bladder.
Unguis an ingrown nail.
Wenn a sebaceous cyst.
White swelling a disease of the joints, most often of the knee, characterized by swelling and white color due to tension of the skin.
Historically thought to be tuberculosis of the bone.
The Practice of medicine on Thomsonian principles ... and a materia medica adapted to the work, 6 th Edition
by John W. Comfort; Lindsay & Blakiston , 1859.
Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary, 11 th Edition by Clarence Wilbur Taber, F. A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, 1970.
The American Heritage Dictionary, Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, 1985.