Pg 2 Doctor Franklyn Fuqua, orphan of Stephen Fuqua, dec'd, came into court, and being of lawful age for the purpose, made choice of Temperance Fuqua, as his guardian, who is accordingly appointed. Whereupon she together with Joseph Weatherford her security . . . etc.
Pg 12 On the motion of William Jones, by his attorney It is ordered by this court, that the Sheriff deliver the negroes, part of the property of Culverin Ford, dec'd which were committed to him by a former order of this court, to William Morton, Arnold Todd, Francis Scott & Jacob Morton, who are appointed commissioners to divide and allot the same among Elizabeth Ford (the widow), William Ford, Thomas Ford, Hezikiah Ford, Abner Ford, John Ford, Willaim Jones & Elizabeth his wife, David Jones & Rebecca his wife, Thomas Adams & Sarah his wife, William Adams & Katurah his wife, heirs of the sd Culverin Ford, dec'd. (1)
Pg 23 Joseph Friend & Levy Blankenship, Plaintiff, vs Edmund Keeling, Henry Hailey, Francis Lea, George Hunsley, Leonard Keeling, & Francis De???graff, Sheriff of Lunenburg County, Defendant - a suit in chancery.
On the motion of the plaintiffs by their attorney, It is ordered that John Snead be made a party defendant to this suit and that he be summons to appear & answer the plaintiff's bill.
Pg 27 Campbell, Bell & Co., Plaintiff vs Frederick Croner, Defendant - an attachment against the defendant's estate. (2)
This day came the plaintiff by their atty, the Sheriff made return he had levied the same on a negro man named Richard, and on sundry Phyals (sic), bottles & galliss (sic) containing medicines, sundry bundles of medicines, sundry empty phyals & bottles, sundry surgical instruments, sundry articles of shop furniture, one table, one stand, one trunk, 32 volumes of books, four wantonly, one night-gown, one hunting shirt . . . the same in the hands of Robert Campbell, as garnishee. (the debt is £ 54, one farthing).
Thereupon Joseph Ward, by his atty, comes into court and defended the force and effect of the verdict, and interpleads that the negro man named Richard . . . . is his own personal slave, & not the property of the defendant Croner, and of this he puts himself upon the county. The plaintiff likewise. The trial of this issue is deferred until next court.
Pg 33 William P. Hunt produced in court the following certificate (to wit), I, William P. Hunt do swear that my removal into the State of Virginia was with no intent of evading the law for preventing the further importation of slaves, nor have I brought with me any slaves with an intention of selling them, nor have any of the slaves, which I have brought with me, benn (sic) imported from Africa, nor any of the West Indies Islands, since the 1st day of November 1778 so help me God. -- that the within mentioned negroes are named Minor, Jacob, Sally, Lynn, Solomon, Sarah, (----), Dacy, Ben, Bobb, Hewlett, George, Estes, Beck, Faras, Abraham, Matilda, Little Jacob, -- given under my had this 26th day of January 1797.
Pg 35 Grand Jury summons this day includes John McCargo
Pg 48 Samuel Pryor vs Nathan Taskins - a suit in debt
The jury includes John McCargo.
Pg 50 John Blankinship is defendant in debt in a suit brought by British merchants . . . it appearing from the Sheriff's report the defendant is not an inhabitant of this county, the suit abates.
Pg 63 An indenture with memorandum attached and endorsed between John McCargo and James McCargo.
Pg 65 Inventory and appraisement of the estate of John Sullivant, dec'd, was this day returned & ordered to be recorded.
Pg 68 Grand Jury summons this day: Obediah Claybrook, foreman; Josiah Foster, Isaac LeGrand, Benjamin Chapman, Rubuen Johnson, Page Mann, William Johnson, Thomas Coy, Thomas North, Joel Chelson Palmer, Joseph Chaffin, Brook Palmer , Charles Harroway, John Watkins, Joseph Reynolds, Temple Davis, Elisha Almond, Charles McKeny & James Brent, returned indictments as follows:
Doctor Thomas Brough of Halifax, Christopher Robertson, Peter Robertson, James Smith, John Smith, of Lunenburg County for cock fighting at John Snead's on Whitsun Monday, last for the sum of £ 6/9/3 by information of George Watkins.
John Snead for suffering unlawful gaming at his house at the above cock fight.
John Raine for selling spirituous liquors without a license within two months past, by the information of James Richardson.
Giles Taylor for selling spirituous liquors without a license within one month past, by the information of John Watkins & Rubuen Johnson.
William Rowton, Snr, for profane swearing four oaths the 1st day of July at the house of Mary Rowton, by the information of Charles McKeny.
John Snead (waggoner) for profane swearing one oath at July court last, by the information of Rubuen Johnson & Obediah Claybrook.
John Barnes, James Fuqua, John Cage, Mastil LeSaure, John Hayden & William Fuqua, for Sabbath-breaking at Thomas Oliver's on the 30th day of July last, by the information of James Adams.
John Oliver for allowing disorderly company in his house and selling spirituous liquors on the Sabbath by the information of Jesse Adams.
Pg 68 John Fowler, Plaintiff, vs Joseph Reynolds, adm'r of Jonathan Williams, dec'd, Tabitha Williams and Thomas Williams, infants under age of 21 years Defendant by Joseph Reynolds, their guardian & William Biggs and Mary his wife, Henry Williams, Susannah Williams, children and representatives of Jonathan Williams, dec'd and Sarah Williams, Defendants - a suit in chancery. (3)
Pg 73 On the motion of John McCargo for leave to file his bill of injunction to stay proceedings at common law on the judgement obtained in this court by William Thweatt, Henry Haley and John Nash Read, each against the estate of Jerrald Sullivant, until the matter can be hard in equity. On hearing argument of the parties, by their attys, the same is granted him, he giving security, whereupon, he with Matthew Williams, his security . . . etc.
Pg 79 On the motion of Bartlett James for leave to file his bill of injunction . . . against Walthal Holcomb, assignee of John Bibb, who was the assignee of Robert Saunders . . . whereupon, he with John McCargo, his security . . . etc.
Pg 80 Campbell, Bell & Co., Plaintiff vs Frederick Croner, Defendant - an attachment against the defendant's estate.
On the motion of the plaintiff by their atty, it is ordered that the sd attached effects be condemned, except the negro man named Richard, and that the Sheriff make sale thereof for the most that can be gotten.
Atty 250 Clk 251 shf 84 Order satisfied 9 Aug 1797
Sold 15 Sep 1797 for £ 11/10/0
Pg 93 A court held for the trial of Toney, a negro man slave belonging to Amy Sims, a part of her dower in the estate of Matthew Sims, her late husband, of the County of Halifax, who stands before the bar, charged with . . . preparing and exhibiting poisonous druggs (sic) and medicines with an intention of poisoning and murdering Rachel Booker of the sd county . . . and for the trial of Nancy, a negro woman slave belonging to Samuel Booker, of the sd county, who stands before the bar, charged with . . . preparing and exhibiting poisonous druggs (sic) and medicines with an intention of poisoning and murdering Rachel Booker of the sd county.
Clement Read defends each and in separate trials each is found NOT GUILTY. Two witnesses are heard - George Lock and Obediah Bromfield.
Pg 98 James Callicott Plaintiff vs Anthony Crofton, Defendant - An attachment. . . etc Plaintiff not appearing though solemnly called, nor is his suit further prosecuted, therefore it is ordered dissolved.
Pg 101 The County Levy is received and includes the following:
Richard Dabbs . . ..... 11.82 James Black ............ 5.74
Richard Dabbs.......... 7.72 Jesse Adams ........... 3.69
Leonard Chancey ....... 6.25 James Clark ............ 1.69
To John Nash Read as Coroner taking an inquest
on the body of William Baily ........................ 2.80
By 3864 tithable @ 10 cents per pole...................... 68.40
Pg 102 The claims of Edward Dunn for dieting a negro slave belonging to Wm. Rowlett committed for felony 3 days - for dieting Natt & Amos, slave committed for felony, 6 days each, for dieting Booker's Nancy, 9 days and Simm's Tom for 8 days; negroes committed for felony and for commitment and release, was read and ordered to be certified to the auditor of public accounts.
Pg 104 Bibby Brooke, Plaintiff vs Thomas Brook & Travis Brooke , Defendants - A suit in chancery
This day came the plaintiff by his atty, and it is ordered the sd atty, William Dupree, is appointed guardian for the defendants for the special purpose of defending this suit. The defendants by their answer, confess the allegations of the plaintiffs' bill to be true. Whereupon by consent of (both parties), It is ordered division of the slaves & personal estate of George Brooke, who died intestate, be made in a fair and equable manner . . . as well as to the plaintiff, as to the defendants - one equal share to each, and Mack Goode, Hilliary Moseley Reps Osborne & Miles Bottom . . . to make such an allotment and assign to each of the parties their interests therein. (4)
Pg 123 The rate for Liquors and Spirits are appointed and set forth to-wit: (5)
West India Rum by the gill 0 9
Wine by the quart 4 0
French Brandy by the gill 0 9
Peach or Apple Brandy by the gill 0 9
Whiskey by the Gill 0 4 ½
Cyder by the quart 0 4
Breakfast 2 0
Dinner 2 6
Lodging for the night 0 6
Corn or Oats by the Gallon 1 0
Fodder by the pound 0 1 ½
Pasturage for a horse 24 hours 0 6
Stablage for a horse 12 hours 0 4
Pg 123 Bibby Brooke, Plaintiff vs Thomas Brook & Travis Brooke , Defendants - A suit in chancery
On the motion of the plaintiff, by his atty, it is ordered that the interlocutory order made in this suit be amended in this manner to wit; that Bibby Brooke, by Arthur Farley, his next friend, Plaintiff instead of Bibby Brooke, Plaintiff, it appearing to the court, that at the time of initiating this suit & making the interlocutory order, that the sd Bibby Brooke was an infant, under the age of 21 years.
Pg 124 Ordered that the Overseer of the Poor of the 1st District, bind out Benjamin Oliver, orphan of Benjamin Oliver, to Elias Jones a carpenter.
Pg 130 On the motion of John Blankinship, who for reasons appearing to this court, his negro man, Regan is exempt from payment of levies & taxes in the future. (6)
Pg 131 John McCargo is appointed Surveyor of the Road whereof John Rawlins was late surveyor, and it is ordered that he, with the same hands that worked the road under the sd Rawlins do forthwith clear and keep the same in repair, according to law. (7)
The Grand Jury's indictments of Gyles Taylor and Thomas Oliver returned August court 1797, are ordered dismissed
Pg 150 Presentments of the Grand Jury of August 1797 against Christopher Robertson, Peter Robertson, James Smith and John Smith, are all dismissed - "as appearing by the sheriff's return, they are not inhabitants of this county."
In separate actions Mantil LeSeure is found guilty of breaking the Sabbath and fined $1.25. John Barnes, James Fuqua, John Cage, John Hayden & William Fuqua, are found guilty of breaking the Sabbath and fined $1.67. William Rowton is fined $3.32 for swearing four oaths.
Pg 104 James Adams, Guardian of Joel Sullivant, orphan of William Sullivant, dec'd, came into court and produced a discharge from the sd Joel Sullivant in full of his guardianship, which was proved by oath of one of the witnesses thereto. (8)
Pg 155 A Grand Jury is sworn in that includes John McCargo as a member.
Thomas Liggon and Loyd Portwood are fined eight dollars each for"being summoned to the grand jury and failing to appear." The clerk's note indicates that at the July court the fines were remitted.
Pg 159 Joseph Friend & Levy Blankinship, Plaintiff, vs Edmund Keeling, Henry Hailey, Francis Lea, George Hunsley, Leonard Keeling, & Francis De???g.raff, Sheriff of Lunenburg County, Defendant - a suit in chancery
The defendant Edmund Keeling, not being an inhabitant of this county . . . he ordered to appear before this court . . . and a copy of this order be inserted in one of the Virginia Gazettes for two months successively, and posted at the front door of the Court House.
Pg 163 The Commonwealth vs John Snead - on a presentment by the Grand Jury for keeping a gaming house.
The defendant not being present to defend himself against the charge . . . the clerk notes "issue trial granted & dismissed March Court 1799."
Pg 164 The Commonwealth vs John Snead - on a presentment by the Grand Jury for allowing unlawful gaming at his house.
A jury is selected to hear witnesses and arguments by the attys, which contains John McCargo is one of the jurymen and they return a verdict of guilty of the charge of selling liquor without a license. The defendant by his atty pleads the verdict be set aside, since there is no endorsement on the information, nor who is the prosecutor in the cause aforesaid, which according to an Act of the Assembly made - is provided. He prays judgment on the verdict be set aside until the matter of law arising thereof can be heard. The case continues until next court.
Pg 172 Jonathan Brooks Robertson is commended to his excellency the Governor, as an Ensign of the 1st Battalion of Militia of the sd county in the place of Robert Moore, who is promoted.
Pg 174 The Commonwealth vs John Snead - on a presentment by the Grand Jury for permitting gambling at his tavern.
The motion of the defendant by atty, for a new trial for cause was shown and the same is granted him and it is ordered that the judgement entered at the last court and the fine imposed on him for suffering unlawful gaming at his house, be set aside, and the cause be docketed for trial upon the issue at the next court of Quarter Sessions.(9)
Pg 180 An indenture between John Blankinship and Sally his wife of the one part and Thomas Webb of the other.
Pg 192 David Reps & Co., Plaintiff vs Edmund Read, Defendant - a suit in covenant (10)
A deposition - Received & ordered to be made a part of the record and are in these words: (towit) Reps & Co. vs Edmund Read, on the trial of this cause, defended by his atty offered in evidence a writing in the following words -- Sir: I have received of Major Edmund Read an order on the Inspectors at Blandford Warehouse for 5 ths lbs. of tobacco, and the balance he has promised to, settle with me shortly, so that you'll be pleased not to order suites against him, as I will settle his two bonds with you. I am your most obt servt John Cabell Jun 7 1787.
To which the plaintiff objects to go (to the jury) as not being legal testimony - but the objection is over ruled and the sd writing ordered . . . to go to the jury as evidence. To which opinion . . . the defendant excepts and prays the court to sign his bill of exception.
By consent of both parties, the deposition of John Cabel and Robert Rives are ordered to be made a part of the record, and are in the words and figures following: Deposition of John Cabel, taken in a suit now pending in County Court of Charlotte. . . This deponent being first sworn, saith he had an order from Mr. David Reps on Major Edmund Read for a quantity of Tobacco, and was paid by Major Read in the year 1878, about the 24th of June, as well as he recalls. The 5,478 pounds of tobacco inspected at Petersburg. Question by the plaintiff "Were there not two bonds due by the defendant Read - one for 6,072 pounds of tobacco and £21/8/1/1-2, and the other for 54,000 pounds of tobacco. On which of the sd bonds did you receive payment?" Answer: "I received an order form the sd Reps for his bond due by the sd Read, and Mr. Robert Rives, who settled the a/c with me offered both bonds, but having received no more than the above sum of 5,478 pounds of tobacco from Mr. Read, I only kept the bond for 5,000 pounds of tobacco, to which bond I applied the payment." Question by the defendant, "Was the bond which you kept . . . for 5,000 or for 4,000 lbs ?" Answer, "As I conceived it to be for, 5,000 pounds, and (I) settled it for that amount." Another question by the defendant, "Was the bond for tobacco inspected on James River, or on th waters of Appomattox?" Answer, "I believe on Appomattox." (signed John Cabell of Amherst Co. Taken and sworn before Nicholas Cabell, Sam; J. Cabell & Wm P. Hare; Justices of the Peace for Amherst Co. at the store of Robert Rives on New Market on Ty River this 13 day of July 1798.
Pg 194 Hawn, Murdock & Co., merchants and subjects of the Kingdom of Great Britain, complaintents against Elizabeth Jackson, now Elizabeth Mitchell - a suit in debt.
. . . the jury returns a Special verdict in these words; We the jury find for the plaintiffs, the debt in the declaration mentioned, subject to the opinion of the court upon these grounds - that if the length of the time elapsed since 25th February 1775, this date, the date of the bonds in the declaration mentioned, and the time of payment of the same, until the bringing of the suit, that is the 18th of August 1796, be sufficient in law to presume payment of the sd debt, of withstanding the several treaties between Great Britain and the United States of America, and the several laws of this Commonwealth, which existed in 1776, or since; or now exist - then we find for the defendant. We also, if the law be judged for the plaintiff; find the eight years interest should be taken out of the claim. We also find, since Elizabeth Jackson, named in the declaration, executed the sd bond, she intermarried with John Mitchell, who was dead at the time of issuing the writ in this cause. Signed William Gaines, Foreman. The cause continued until the net court for the matter of law arising thereon.
Pg 198 Bibby Brooke, by Archer Farley, his next friend, Plaintiff vs Thomas Brook & Travis Brooke, orphans of George Brooke, dec'd, Defendants - On a writ of Partition.
This day came the defendant, by his Atty and by consent of the parties, it is ordered that John Trible, John Evans, Thomas Evans & John Howerton, . . . do make sale of all that tract . . . of land and appurtenances which descend to (them) as (heirs) of George Brooke, dec'd, their father, who died intestate, lying in and being in the county of Essex, for the most that can be gotten, after giving due notice of such sale, and assign one part of the nett(sic) proceeds arising from the sale thereof to the defendant as his part, and the remaining two-thirds in equal division to the defendants.
Pg 208 Commonwealth vs Gyles Taylor, Defendant, (On a presentment of the Grand Jury - August Court 1797)
The plea of the defendant in arrest of the judgment to be given on the verdict in this case, was argued by the Deputy Atty for the Commonwealth . . . and the atty for the defense, and overruled by the court, therefore, it is considered the defendant for the sd offense(11), make his fine by payment of 30 dollars, to the use of the county towards lessening the county levy, and to pay the cost of this prosecution.
Pg 214 An indenture between John McCargo, and William Johnston, with memorandum endorsed. (12)
Pg 214 William Brizendine is appointed Surveyor of the Road whereof James Callicott was late surveyor, and it is ordered that he, with the same hands that worked the road under the sd Callicott, do forthwith clear and keep the same in repair.
Pg 214 Thomas Brooke, orphan of George Brooke, dec'd, came into court, and being of lawful age for the purpose, made choice of Langston Bacon, as his guardian, in the place of Joseph Lee, his former guardian. Whereupon he together with John Rice his security . . . etc.
Pg 218 An Indenture between Clement Read & Clarissa, his wife of Charlotte Co., and Philip Gatche of Rockingham Co. for the conveyance of 1,333 acres of land in the Northwest Territory, on the waters of the Little Miami and Fraime Creek.
Pg 219 Peggy Sullivant, orphan of John Sullivant, dec'd, came into court, and being of lawful age for the purpose, made choice of David McCargo, as her guardian, who is accordingly appointed Whereupon he together with Thomas Portwood his security . . . . etc.
Pg 225 The state of the county levy.
3873 tithables at 6 cents per pole ......... 232.38
Pg 227 David Reps & Co., Plaintiff vs Edmund Read, Defendant - a suit in covenant
This day came the (parties) into court and the sd defendant released of all errors, confesseth the plaintiff's action thereon against him and agrees that the plaintiff's have sustained damages to 6,072 lbs of crop tobacco - 1000 lbs each hogshead upwards, at Appomattox, or Osbornes's inspection with interest at 5% per annum from the 24th day of December 1785, also £ 21/8/1-2 with interest at 5% from sd date.
Pg 229 Jeremiah Brown, Plaintiff vs Jeremiah Brown Jr. Defendant - a case in detinue.
A jury is sworn, which includes John McCargo. They find for the plaintiff "to recover against the sd defendant, a negro girl slave named Celia, and one penny in damages."
Pg 229 Joseph Friend & Levy Blankenship, Plaintiff, vs Edmund Keeling, Henry Hailey, Francis Lea, George Hunsley, Leonard Keeling, & Francis De???graff, Sheriff of Lunenburg County, Defendant - a suit in chancery
On the motion of the plaintiffs, by their atty, leave is given to amend their bill making Anthony Street, late Sheriff of Lunenburg Co. a party defendant to the suit in place of Francis (-----Graff)_ the high sheriff. Whereupon the sd Anthony filed his answer to the plaintiff's bill.
Pg 230 Polly Sullivant, Plaintiff, vs John Petty & Robert Gilliam, adm'r of John Sullivant, dec'd, Jerrald, Henry, Peggy, Amelia, Woodson, Betsy and James Sullivant, children and representatives of John Sullivant, dec'd, Defendants - a suit in chancery.
This day came the plaintiff by her atty, and on the motion of the plaintiff . . . . John McCargo is appointed guardian to the defendants Peggy, Woodson, Betsy, James & Amelia Sullivant, infants under the age of twenty-one, for the special purpose of defending this suit. The defendants. Jerrald & Henry Sullivant, not having entered their appearances . . . and it appearing to the satisfaction of the court, they are not inhabitants of this state, On the motion of the plaintiff . . . It is ordered they appear here on the 4th day of February court next and answer the plaintiff's bill, and that a copy of this order be inserted in one of the Virginia Gazettes for two months successively, and posted at the front door of the Court House.
Pg 237 On the motion of David Dunn, a witness for Raymond Blankenship, in his suit against William Lee . . . pay him 53 cents for one day's attendance at court.
Pg 243 Richard Stone is appointed Surveyor of the Road whereof Levy Blankenship was late Surveyor, and it is ordered that he, with the male laboring tithables belonging to Thomas Hays, Rubuen Hays, Hood Nance, Nickolas Brown, Grixon Brown, Thomas Brown, Alexander Brown & Scrimshaw Brown, David Dunn and Duke Haley . . . do forthwith clear and keep the same in repair.
Pg 244 A release between James Adams, William P Sullivant, Joel Sullivant & George Sullivant, on the one part and Paul Carrington, adm'r of William Sullivant, on the other part was proved by the oath of William Hall one of the witnesses thereto subscribed. . . etc.
Pg 247 An indenture between Beverly Callicott and Pricilla his wife and William Brizendine.
An indenture between Beverly Callicott and Pricilla his wife and Thomas Brooke and Travis Brooke.
Pg 253 Ordered that one set containing 3 volumes of the Acts of Congress, in bound books, be lodged in the clerk's office, for the use of the county, one set be lodged with the keeper of the Court House, for the use of the court, and the other five sets be distributed by ballott (sic) to the acting members of the court, that one copy also of the unbound Acts of the last Congress, be lodged in the clerk's office. one other copy with the keeper of the Court House, and the remainder of the copies be distributed in the same manner as the bound books are distributed.
1. This is the beginning of entries concerning the murder of ???/
2. Campbell, Bell & Co are not listed in Charlotte Co, Rich Indeed as a company licenced to do business in the county, though Archibald Campbell is listed as renewing his licence in 1789. Richard Campbell must be the principle partner, and perhaps the son of Archibald.
3. I copied only the style of this suit- to record the family of Joseph & Sarah Williams.
4. his suit is followed by a similar action styled on a writ of petition. The same commissioners are appointed and charged by the court to " divide into three equal parts the sd 297 acres of land, having respect to the true nature of the land & appurtenances thereto and deliver and assign one part thereof to the demandant . . . and the remaining two thirds part to the defendant . . . so that neither may have any more . . . than they aught to have.
5. Comparing these rates with those set at the June court 1794, and using the difference as a measure of the inflation of prices between the two periods, yields a figure of 11.76 % or an annual rate of 4.45%. Looking further back at the February court 1787 the rate for the nine year period is 161% or an annual rate of 18%.
6. This entry is followed by another motion by John Blankinship, but being at the bottom of the page it is too faint to read. It appears to be another exemption from taxes.
7. on the following page (pg 132) there is ia lengthy order establishing a new public road, John LeGrand is named surveyor, and among the several tithables listed to provide hands, is " William Blankinship"
8. See Court Order Book 7 page 104 (October Court 1790) where this same action is recorded in different words. immediately following this action there is another in identical words releasing James Adams as guardian to William Perrin Sullivant, orphan of William Sullivant.
9. See Court Orders Book 13-7, Court of 5 May 1799, where this action is ordered dismissed.
10. This is a very long case, covering three pages with arguments of the parties over what evidence should be permitted to go to the jury. The two depositions listed here have been selected as representative of all, giving enough information to determine the issues at trial. Charlotte, Rich Indeed does not list the firm of David Reps & Co. as licensed to do business in Charlotte Co.
11. See the Grand Jury's actions on this: Book 11, pg 68. The offense was selling spirituous without a license.
12. William Johnston's lands were adjacent to John McCargo's 400 acre tract on Horse Pen Creek. The deed was recorded in Deed Book 8 pg 113.